文章摘要
闪鑫,陆晓,翟明玉,等.人工智能应用于电网调控的关键技术分析[J].电力系统自动化,2019,43(1):49-57. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20180629002.
SHAN Xin,LU Xiao,ZHAI Mingyu, et al.Analysis of Key Technologies for Artificial Intelligence Applied to Power Grid Dispatch and Control[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2019,43(1):49-57. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20180629002.
人工智能应用于电网调控的关键技术分析
Analysis of Key Technologies for Artificial Intelligence Applied to Power Grid Dispatch and Control
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20180629002
关键词: 机器学习  深度学习  知识图谱  调度助手  调控大数据  故障处置  态势感知
KeyWords: machine learning  deep learning  knowledge graph  dispatch assistant  regulation big data  fault disposal  situational awareness
上网日期:2018-11-16
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0902600)
作者单位E-mail
闪鑫 南瑞集团(国网电力科学研究院)有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
国电南瑞科技股份有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
智能电网保护和运行控制国家重点实验室, 江苏省南京市 211106 
shanxin@sgepri.sgcc.com.cn 
陆晓 国网江苏省电力有限公司, 江苏省南京市 210024  
翟明玉 南瑞集团(国网电力科学研究院)有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
国电南瑞科技股份有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
智能电网保护和运行控制国家重点实验室, 江苏省南京市 211106 
 
高宗和 南瑞集团(国网电力科学研究院)有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
国电南瑞科技股份有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
智能电网保护和运行控制国家重点实验室, 江苏省南京市 211106 
 
徐春雷 国网江苏省电力有限公司, 江苏省南京市 210024  
滕贤亮 南瑞集团(国网电力科学研究院)有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
国电南瑞科技股份有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
智能电网保护和运行控制国家重点实验室, 江苏省南京市 211106 
 
王波 南瑞集团(国网电力科学研究院)有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106
国电南瑞科技股份有限公司, 江苏省南京市 211106 
 
摘要:
      当前以深度学习为代表的新一代人工智能技术快速发展,作为引领新一轮科技革命和产业变革的战略性技术,已上升为国家战略,备受各行各业关注。电网调控运行作为电力系统运行的“决策大脑”,是集大量数据、机理分析、运行规程和专业经验相结合的综合性决策控制,与以数据驱动、知识引导为特征的新一代人工智能发展思路和演进方向十分相近。在分析新一代人工智能技术特点、电网调控运行业务场景及需求的基础上,提出了未来基于人工智能的调度控制系统设计思路、总体架构和主要功能,并从高性能计算、调控大数据、基于深度学习的电网预测及辨识、基于知识图谱的智能辅助决策以及基于语音交互的调度助手等方面,对其关键技术和潜在应用场景进行了分析。最后对未来人工智能在电网调控中的发展进行了小结和展望。
Abstract:
      The rapid development of a new generation of artificial intelligence technology represented by deep learning, as a strategic technology that leads a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, has risen to a national strategy and has attracted the attention of all walks of life. As the “decision brain” of power system, regulation and operation of power grid is a comprehensive decision-making control combining a large amount of data, mechanism analysis, operation procedures and professional experience, which is very similar to the development of a new generation of artificial intelligence characterized by data-driven and knowledge-based guidance. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of the new generation of artificial intelligence technology, the business situation and requirements of the power grid regulation operation, the design idea, the overall architecture and main functions of the future artificial intelligence based dispatch control system are proposed. And the key technologies and potential application scenarios are analyzed from the aspects of high performance computing, regulation big data, power system prediction and identification based on deep learning, intelligent assistant decision based on knowledge graph and dispatch assistant based on voice interaction. Finally, the development and future of artificial intelligence in power grid regulation are summarized and forecasted.
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