文章摘要
孙玉巍,付超,李永刚,等.用于电池储能系统的级联式电力电子变压器均衡及协调控制[J].电力系统自动化,2018,42(18):123-130. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171002002.
SUN Yuwei,FU Chao,LI Yonggang, et al.Balancing and Coordinated Control of Cascaded Power Electronic Transformers for Battery Energy Storage System[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2018,42(18):123-130. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171002002.
用于电池储能系统的级联式电力电子变压器均衡及协调控制
Balancing and Coordinated Control of Cascaded Power Electronic Transformers for Battery Energy Storage System
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20171002002
关键词: 电力电子变压器  电池储能系统  混合脉宽调制  荷电状态均衡  直流链电压控制
KeyWords: power electronic transformer(PET)  battery energy storage system(BESS)  hybrid pulse width modulation(HPWM)  balancing of state of charge  DC-link voltage control
上网日期:2018-08-14
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2013BAG24B02);国家电网公司科技项目(SGTYHT/16-JS-198)
作者单位E-mail
孙玉巍 华北电力大学电气与电子工程学院, 河北省保定市 071003  
付超 华北电力大学电气与电子工程学院, 河北省保定市 071003 fuchao@ncepu.edu.cn 
李永刚 华北电力大学电气与电子工程学院, 河北省保定市 071003  
刘教民 华北电力大学电气与电子工程学院, 河北省保定市 071003  
李正文 国网辽宁省电力有限公司, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
摘要:
      针对用于电池储能系统的级联式电力电子变压器,提出基于混合脉宽多电平调制的电池均衡及协调控制策略。级联H桥采用混合脉宽调制可实现子模块功率双向独立调节,该策略利用这一特性对各电池单元进行差异化充放电及荷电状态均衡控制,同时保证系统总功率指令要求及网侧低谐波。为抑制混合脉宽调制时各H桥开关函数非线性时变及网侧功率指令变化引起的直流链电压波动,将整流级开关函数及功率指令作为前馈,提出了隔离双向DC/DC变换器的直流链电压协调控制方法。仿真和实验结果表明,所提控制策略可实现电池荷电状态曲线快速收敛及均衡、双向功率高性能控制以及直流链电压纹波有效抑制。
Abstract:
      For the cascaded power electronic transformer used in the battery energy storage system, this paper proposes the battery balancing and coordinated control strategies on the basis of multi-level hybrid pulse width modulation(HPWM). By using HPWM, the bidirectional power in submodule of cascaded H-bridge(CHB)can be regulated independently. Taking advantage of this feature, the proposed strategy can control different charging or discharging for the battery units, and thus state of charge(SOC)balancing can be achieved. Meanwhile, the total power reference requirement and low distortion of AC waveforms are satisfied. In order to reduce the DC-link voltage fluctuations caused by the nonlinear time-varying switching functions in HPWM and the varying power commands, a coordinated control strategy with feedforward of power reference and switching function of rectifier stage is presented for the DC-link voltage controller of isolated bidirectional DC/DC converter. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed control strategy can achieve fast converging and balancing of battery SOC curves, high-performance control of bidirectional power and effective suppression of DC-link voltage ripple.
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