文章摘要
曾辉,孙峰,李铁,等.澳大利亚“9·28”大停电事故分析及对中国启示[J].电力系统自动化,2017,41(13):1-6. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20170120002.
ZENG Hui,SUN Feng,LI Tie, et al.Analysis of “9·28” Blackout in South Australia and Its Enlightenment to China[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2017,41(13):1-6. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20170120002.
澳大利亚“9·28”大停电事故分析及对中国启示
Analysis of “9·28” Blackout in South Australia and Its Enlightenment to China
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20170120002
关键词: 新能源  大停电  在线计算  系统转动惯量  黑启动预案
KeyWords: renewable energy  blackout  online calculation  system moment of inertia  black system restart plan
上网日期:2017-06-01
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
曾辉 国网辽宁省电力有限公司电力科学研究院, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006 740695129@qq.com 
孙峰 国网辽宁省电力有限公司电力科学研究院, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
李铁 国网辽宁省电力有限公司, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
张强 国网辽宁省电力有限公司电力科学研究院, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
唐俊刺 国网辽宁省电力有限公司, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
张涛 国网辽宁省电力有限公司电力科学研究院, 辽宁省沈阳市 110006  
摘要:
      2016年9月28日,台风和暴雨等极端天气袭击了新能源发电占比高达48.36%的澳大利亚南部地区电网,最终导致50 h后恢复供电的全南澳大利亚州大停电。这是世界上第一次由极端天气诱发新能源大规模脱网导致的局部电网大停电事件。文中从事故前电源比例、事故演变顺序、事故后黑启动运行阐述“9·28”事故全过程。重点从灾害预警在线计算辅助决策系统、系统转动惯量、低电压穿越要求、低频减载、黑启动预案等多维度讨论该事件对中国电网安全运行的启示。
Abstract:
      On 28 September 2016, electricity supply in South Australia was interrupted in the region under a black system across the state where renewable energy generation accounted for as high as 48. 36% and lasted for 50 hours until load was restored. This is the first regional blackout event in the world triggered by severe weather with large amounts of renewable energy that tripped off the grid. This paper describes the whole “9·28” blackout event step by step from pre-event generation power ratio, sequence of blackout evolution to post-event black system restart. The enlightenment of “9·28” South Australia blackout event to the safe operation of Chinese power system is summarized from different dimensions, like online calculation ancillary decision-making system, system moment of inertia, low voltage ride through requirement, low frequency load shedding and black system restart plan.
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