文章摘要
陈丽霞,孙弢,Ella Zhou,等.电力系统发电侧和负荷侧共同碳责任分摊方法[J].电力系统自动化. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171113004.
Ella Zhou, et al.Method of Carbon Obligation Allocation Between Generation Side and Demand Side in Power System[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171113004.
电力系统发电侧和负荷侧共同碳责任分摊方法
Method of Carbon Obligation Allocation Between Generation Side and Demand Side in Power System
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20171113004
关键词: 碳责任  分摊  Aumann-Shapley法  低碳电力
KeyWords: Carbon obligation  allocation  Aumann-Shapley method  low carbon electricity
上网日期:2018-08-07
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0902200)、国家自然科学基金资助项目(51677115,51477097)、国网上海市电力公司科技资助项目(520940160026)
作者单位E-mail
陈丽霞 上海交通大学 vogue@sjtu.edu.cn 
孙弢 上海交通大学 luke18@sjtu.edu.cn 
Ella Zhou 美国国家可再生能源实验室 Ella.zhou@nrel.gov 
方陈 国网上海市电力公司电力科学研究院 fangc02@139.com 
冯冬涵 上海交通大学 seed@sjtu.edu.cn 
摘要:
      在低碳电力的背景下,电力系统碳责任在各利益主体之间的分摊研究具有重要的理论和现实意义。发电机组和负荷作为电力系统的重要组成部分,两者都应该承担起电力系统节能减排的责任。文中提出将电力系统碳责任在发电侧和负荷侧进行共同分摊,将该问题建模成一个基于合作博弈的成本分摊问题,并采用Aumann-Shapley法进行具体地分摊求解,将双侧碳责任分摊机制与仅在发电侧碳责任分摊和仅在负荷侧碳责任分摊机制进行比较。算例结果显示在具体的系统参数下,文中所提机制使得发电机组和负荷都承担了电力系统节能减排的责任,能激发双方的节能减排潜力,促进电力系统的低碳发展,具有一定的可行性。
Abstract:
      Under the background of low carbon electricity, the study of the carbon obligation allocation between different members in the power system holds significant theoretical and practical value. As important members in the power system, both generators and loads should take the responsibility of carbon reduction and thus carbon obligation is supposed to be allocated between both sides. Consequently, the carbon obligation allocation between the generation side and the demand side is proposed in this paper, and the problem is modeled as a cooperative game based cost allocation problem. The Aumann-Shapley method is used to solve the problem. The mechanism of allocating carbon obligation between both generation side and load side is compared with the allocation only in the generation side and the load side, the results of case study show that the proposed mechanism is feasible under certain system parameters, which makes both generators and loads take the responsibility of emission reduction of the power system, stimulates the potential to reduce carbon emission of generators and loads and promotes the development of decarburization of power system.
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