文章摘要
师瑞峰,梁子航,马源.基于理想解法的居民区电动汽车有序充电策略[J].电力系统自动化. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171230001.
Shi Ruifeng,Liang Zihang,Ma Yuan.Residential Area Electric Vehicle Orderly Charging Scheduling with TOPSIS Method[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20171230001.
基于理想解法的居民区电动汽车有序充电策略
Residential Area Electric Vehicle Orderly Charging Scheduling with TOPSIS Method
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20171230001
关键词: 电动汽车  有序充电管理  居民区充电  理想解法
KeyWords: Electric vehicles  orderly EV charging scheduling management  residential community EV charging  styling  TOPSIS method
上网日期:2018-08-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金
作者单位E-mail
师瑞峰 华北电力大学控制与计算机工程学院 shi.ruifeng@ncepu.edu.cn 
梁子航 华北电力大学控制与计算机工程学院 zihleung@ncepu.edu.cn 
马源 国网北京市电力公司昌平供电公司 mayuan020@sina.com 
摘要:
      针对我国目前超大城市电动汽车保有量的快速增长与现有配电网制约用户充电需求的矛盾,提出了一种基于理想解法(TOPSIS)的居民区电动汽车有序充电策略,最大限度调配现有可用的电能资源。通过分析电动汽车出行规律,建立了居民区电动汽车出行、返回、等待、充电的数学模型;在综合考虑充电时间、充电费用、等待时间、充电完成率、小区总负荷变化率等决策指标基础上,建立了基于理想解法的有序充电排序方法;并通过算例仿真进一步对比了分时电价策略下峰谷电价对用户充电行为的影响。仿真结果表明,与现有网格选取法有序充电结果相比,本文方法可在保证电动汽车充电完成率和稳定居民区负荷前提下,更好地兼顾电动汽车充电的连续性、便捷性和经济性,为居民区停车场电动汽车有序充电管理提供决策依据。
Abstract:
      With the rapid growth of EV population in large cities in China, the contradiction between the EV charging demand and the lower distribution network service ability of the old residential community leads to a big gap. Hence a TOPSIS-based residential area EV charging sequencing strategy is proposed in this paper to address this issue. Firstly, the analysis of EV travel simulation model is established in this paper to simulate the traveling, returning, waiting and charging process with residential community. Then a EV charging scheduling method based on TOPSIS analysis to get balance among the objectives like average charging time, charging cost, charging queue time, charging need satisfac-tory rate, etc. The simulation results show that compared with the grid picking method, the orderly charging manage-ment strategy based on TOPSIS, which is posed by this paper, not only under the premise of ensuring the completion rate of EV charging and the stable of residential load, but also consider the continuity, convenience and economy of EV charging, and provide a theoretical guidance for the management and decision-making of residential car parking problem.
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