文章摘要
陈中飞,荆朝霞,陈达鹏.美国调频辅助服务市场的定价机制分析[J].电力系统自动化. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20170821004.
CHEN Zhongfei,JING Zhaoxia,CHEN Dapeng.Analysis of The Pricing Mechanism in Frequency Regulation Market of United States[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20170821004.
美国调频辅助服务市场的定价机制分析
Analysis of The Pricing Mechanism in Frequency Regulation Market of United States
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20170821004
关键词: 调频市场  辅助服务  定价机制  美国电力市场
KeyWords: frequency regulation market  ancillary service  pricing mechanism  power market.
上网日期:2018-05-11
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
陈中飞 华南理工大学电力学院 zfchen@mail.edu.scut.cn 
荆朝霞 华南理工大学电力学院 zxjing@scut.edu.cn 
陈达鹏 华南理工大学电力学院 epdpchen@mail.scut.edu.cn 
摘要:
      调频辅助服务对于维持电力系统稳定运行有着重要的作用,合理的调频产品设计及定价机制有利于促进调频资源的优化配置。随着可再生能源和储能装置的发展,系统调频需求增大,尤其是对快速调频资源的需求,单一调频容量价格将难以合理地补偿调频资源成本,为此FERC要求美国调频辅助服务市场引入基于调频里程和调频性能的定价机制。本文梳理了美国宾夕法尼亚-新泽西-马里兰州(PJM)、加利福尼亚州(CAISO)和德克萨斯州电力市场(ERCOT)的调频市场定价机制,对比分析其交易标的、里程定价、市场组织时序、机会成本计算方法等主要环节的具体做法及适用情况。最后,结合当前我国电力市场改革现状,从不同的市场阶段提出建设调频辅助服务市场的可行建议。
Abstract:
      Frequency regulation plays an important role in maintaining the stable operation of power system. A reasonable price compensation mechanism helps to optimize the allocation of FM resources. With the development of renewable energy and energy storage devices, the demand for system Frequency regulation is increasing, especially for the demand for FRR, and the single frequency capacity pricing will not be able to effectively compensate for the cost of frequency regulation. To this end, FERC decreed that the pricing mechanism based on regulation quantity, regulation performance indicator and lost opportunity cost should be used in the frequency regulation ancillary service markets of the United States. This paper analyzes the latest frequency regulation pricing mechanisms in Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM), California and Texas, and compares the details and applicable conditions of trade mark, market timetable, clearing model, and opportunity cost calculation. Finally, according to the current situation of China"s electricity market reform, the feasible suggestions for the construction of frequency regulation ancillary service market are put forward from different market stages.
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