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考虑过电压抑制的特高压直流弱送端系统无功控制策略
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国家电网公司东北分部

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Reactive Power Control Strategy for UHVDC Weak Sending-end System Considering Overvoltage Suppression
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northeast grid of china

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    摘要:

    直流闭锁等扰动引起的送端电网过电压,已成为限制直流输送能力和新能源消纳的主要约束。基于±800kV鲁固特高压直流弱送端电网,结合扎鲁特换流站调相机工程和东北电网系统保护建设,提出了协调换流站滤波器(电容器)、调相机及换流站近区同步机组的过电压抑制策略。电网稳态运行时,充分利用换流站及其近区调相机和同步机组补偿阀组消耗无功,减少滤波器(电容器)的投入量,从而降低直流闭锁滤波器(电容器)滞后切除引起的暂态过电压。另一方面,调相机和同步机组无功输出增大,为抑制直流闭锁潮流大规模回退引起的稳态过电压提供了充足的回降无功备用。最后基于鲁固特高压直流送端电网验证了策略的有效性。

    Abstract:

    Currently, the overvoltage of UHVDC transmission sending system caused by disturbances such as blocking has become the main constraint to the UHVDC transfer capacity and new energy consumption. Based on the ±800kV Lugu UHVDC weak transmission sending system in combination with the condenser project of Zarut station and the system protection construction of northeast power grid, this thesis puts forward the overvoltage suppressing strategy through coordinating converter station filter (capacitor), condenser, and the synchronous unit near the converter station. On the one hand, during the steady-state of power grid, the condenser and the synchronous unit are fully utilized to compensate the reactive power consumed by the valve group, and reduce the input of filters (capacitors), thus reducing the transient overvoltage caused by the lagging removal of filters (capacitors).On the other hand, the increase of the reactive power of the condenser and the synchronous unit provides sufficient fall-back reactive power reserve for suppressing steady-state overvoltage caused by large-scale power retreat. Finally, the effectiveness of the strategy is verified based on the Lugu UHVDC transmission sending system.

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岳涵,邵广惠,夏德明,等.考虑过电压抑制的特高压直流弱送端系统无功控制策略[J/OL].电力系统自动化,http://doi.org/10.7500/AEPS20200304004.
YUE Han,SHAO Guanghui,XIA Deming,et al.Reactive Power Control Strategy for UHVDC Weak Sending-end System Considering Overvoltage Suppression[J/OL].Automation of Electric Power Systems,http://doi.org/10.7500/AEPS20200304004.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-04
  • 最后修改日期:2020-05-11
  • 录用日期:2020-04-10
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