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泛在物联的配用电优化运行:信息物理社会系统的视角
作者:
作者单位:

1.新能源电力系统国家重点实验室(华北电力大学),北京市102206;2.皇家墨尔本理工大学工学院,墨尔本市 VIC 3001,澳大利亚;3.美国南卫理公会大学电气与计算机工程系,达拉斯市 TX 75275,美国;4.南瑞集团有限公司(国网电力科学研究院有限公司),江苏省南京市 211106

作者简介:

刘念(1981—),男,通信作者,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:智能配用电、综合能源系统、信息物理系统等。E-mail:nianliu@ncepu.edu.cn
余星火(1960—),男,博士,杰出教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:控制理论与应用、复杂网络理论与应用、智能电网等。E-mail:x.yu@rmit.edu.au
王剑辉(1978—),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:智能电网。E-mail:jianhui@smu.edu
薛禹胜(1941—),男,中国工程院院士,博士生导师,主要研究方向:电力系统自动化。

通讯作者:

基金项目:

本文第一完成单位的工作受国家自然科学基金项目(51877076)资助。


Optimal Operation of Power Distribution and Consumption System Based on Ubiquitous Internet of Things: a Cyber-Physical-Social System Perspective
Author:
Affiliation:

1.State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources;(North China Electric Power University), Beijing 102206, China;2.School of Engineering, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne VIC 3001, Australia;3.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Southern Methodist University, Dallas TX 75275, USA;4.NARI Group Corporation (State Grid Electric Power Research Institute), Nanjing 211106, China

Fund Project:

This work of the first unit to complete this paper is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51877076).

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    摘要:

    泛在物联的配用电系统是智能配电网与电力物联网深度融合形成的信息物理社会系统(CPSS)。分析了泛在物联的配用电系统的参与主体及其信息、物理、社会属性,并从物理域、信息域和社会域3个层面探讨参与主体之间的交互影响,并提炼其运行特点,包括物理域中的节点、网络和功能的灵活性;信息域中的泛在感知的不确定性、计算模式的边缘化、开放交互的安全性;社会域中的角色可变性、效用个性化、商业模式多元化。在分析国内外研究动态的基础上,提炼其难点,包括复杂配用电系统的特征识别、社会行为建模与混合仿真、非完全信息的随机博弈框架与应用、融合社会属性的优化问题建模与求解、边缘计算的调度策略与驱动机制、配用电终端物联网的交互安全机制等。在理论层面为信息、物理、社会系统的多学科交叉提供分析探讨,在应用层面为泛在电力物联网和智能电网的建设提供技术支持。

    Abstract:

    Ubiquitous Internet of Things (IoT) based power distribution and consumption system (PDCS) is a cyber-physical-social system (CPSS) formed by the deep integration of smart distribution grid and power IoT. The participants of ubiquitous IoT based PDCS and their cyber, physical and social attributes are analyzed. The mutual interactions of these participants are also discussed from the cyber field, physical field, and social field. The operation features of ubiquitous IoT based PDCS are abstracted in the CPSS perspective. In the physical field, the features include the flexibility of nodes, network, and functions. In the cyber field, the uncertainty of ubiquitous sensing, edge computing, and cybersecurity are essential features. Moreover, new features in the social field include role variability and utility personalization of participants, and diversification of business models. Based on the analysis of domestic and foreign research trends, the difficulties are refined including feature identification of complex power system, social behavior modeling and hybrid simulation, stochastic game theory framework and application with incomplete information, modeling and solving optimization problem with fusion social attributes, scheduling strategy and driving mechanism for edge computing, interactive security mechanism for the terminal IoT based PDCS. The analysis and discussion are provided on the multidisciplinary intersection of information, physics and social systems at the theoretical level, and the technical support is given for the construction of ubiquitous power IoT and smart grid at the application level.

    图1 泛在物联的配用电系统典型形态Fig.1 Typical configuration of ubiquitous IoT based power distribution and consumption system
    图2 云计算与边缘计算的数据处理区别Fig.2 Differences of data processing between cloud computing and edge computing
    图3 多主体参与的商业模式Fig.3 Business mode with participation of multiple parties
    图4 基于强化学习的配用电单元自治优化过程Fig.4 Autonomous optimization process of power distribution and consumption unit based on reinforcement learning
    图5 基于区块链的分布式能源安全交易模型Fig.5 Blockchain based secure trading model of distributed energy
    图6 产消者的非合作随机博弈示例Fig.6 Instance of non-cooperative stochastic game among prosumers
    图7 边缘计算调度策略与驱动机制Fig.7 Scheduling strategy and driving mechanism of edge computing
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引用本文

刘念,余星火,王剑辉,等.泛在物联的配用电优化运行:信息物理社会系统的视角[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(1):1-12. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20191119002.
LIU Nian,YU Xinghuo,WANG Jianhui,et al.Optimal Operation of Power Distribution and Consumption System Based on Ubiquitous Internet of Things: a Cyber-Physical-Social System Perspective[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2020,44(1):1-12. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20191119002.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-11-19
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-01-04
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