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基于分类监管与当量协同的碳市场框架设计方案
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南瑞集团有限公司国网电力科学研究院有限公司

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国家重点研发计划


Carbon Market Framework Design based on Classified Regulation and Equivalent Coordination
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    摘要:

    为尽快实现净零排放,积极应对气候变化,需要全球在碳源减排及碳汇增容两方面取得更具变革性的突破。应对气候变化需要多种减排措施,其成本及效果均有较大差异,当前碳市场研究已对不同减排行为提供差异化的商品种类和激励力度,但如何具体确定并落实差异化激励力度,如何协同不同商品种类间的交易流通,目前还缺乏统一分析框架和决策支撑方法。该文在能源领域的信息物理社会系统视角下讨论碳市场的调控机制设计,在详细剖析碳减排行为的多重属性及其交互机理基础上,重新设计了碳市场不同商品间的交互框架:即商品内部遵循各自市场规律分类监管,商品间通过多层当量实现协调,在调控中注重碳减排和碳抵消行为的多重效益,规避由于刚性链接、离散调控、多头调控等问题所产生的市场冲击及市场振荡。通过基于混合仿真的沙盘推演,支撑碳市场架构设计及调控决策。

    Abstract:

    To achieve zero net emissions as soon as possible and actively mitigate climate change, it is necessary to make more revolutionary breakthroughs in both carbon emission reduction and carbon sink expansion. Climate change mitigation requires a variety of emission reduction measures, but those different measures may have large differences in both cost and effectiveness. Existing carbon markets have provided different commodities and incentives for different emission reduction behaviors. However, unified analysis frameworks and decision support methods are too scarce to answer questions like ‘how to achieve differentiated incentives’, ‘how to coordinate the trading between different commodities’. This paper re-examines carbon market regulatory mechanism design from the perspective of Cyber-Physical-Social Systems in Energy. Based on a detailed analysis of the multiple attributes and interaction mechanisms of carbon emission reduction behaviors, the interaction logics between different commodities in the carbon market are re-designed: Each commodity market is regulated according to its respective market rules. Different commodity markets are coordinated by multiple equivalents. Special attention are paid to the multiple benefits of carbon emission reduction and carbon offset behavior, enabling regulators to put differentiated preferences on different behaviors, and avoiding market shocks and disturbance caused by rigid market links, discrete regulation and multi-end regulation. Sandbox derivation based on hybrid simulation can be utilized to provide decision support for market design regulation.

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引用本文

薛禹胜,黄杰,王放,等.基于分类监管与当量协同的碳市场框架设计方案[J/OL].电力系统自动化,http://doi.org/10.7500/AEPS20191008004.
XUE Yusheng,HUANG Jie,WANG Fang,et al.Carbon Market Framework Design based on Classified Regulation and Equivalent Coordination[J/OL].Automation of Electric Power Systems,http://doi.org/10.7500/AEPS20191008004.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-10-08
  • 最后修改日期:2020-05-07
  • 录用日期:2019-12-31
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